This page last updated 12th March 2015.
This is the list of the 100 six thousand metre peaks in the Andes as revised in November 2014 for the fourth English edition of The Andes- A Guide for Climbers, published in March 2015. The list has been revised to reflect recent research by myself (John Biggar), Eberhard Jurgalski, Edward Earl and Maximo Kausch using digital elevation data sources and photographic analysis.
Heights in red below have been revised due to the SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) data, ASTER data, handheld GPS data or other recent information sources. Many thanks to Jonathan de Ferranti in 2004 and also to Eberhard Jurgalski, Edward Earl and Maximo Kausch in 2013-2015 for help with this. Click here for Jonathans list of the ten most prominent peaks in the Andes.
There are links to further information and pictures of all of the 6000m peaks in the Andes.
See also the 99% accurate 5000m peaks of the Andes This link is to the index page for eight further pages containing peaks from 5000m-5999m.
Patagonian Peaks A listing of the major summits in Patagonia.
This list Š 1999 - 2015 John Biggar. All heights are in metres.
We also now have a list of all the 300 or more peaks on this website in alphabetical order
HISTORICAL NOTES & CURRENT ISSUES
A list of 99 peaks was published in the 2nd Edition of my guidebook in 1999. There were three new additions to the list for the 3rd edition in 2005. 1. Chachacomani - new evidence suggested it was 6074m (rather than 5998m), 2. Volcan del Viento, a 6028m peak that doesn't appear (named) on any Argentine map, and 3. Laguna Blanca which was found on an Argentine 1:100,000 map by me, with a height of 6012m, a height supported by the SRTM data. Previous heights seen for Laguna Blanca were all under 6000m.
Two peaks have now been deleted from the list for the 4th edition, resulting in a list of exactly one hundred 6000m peaks. The two deletions are Tocllaraju and Caraz in the Cordillera Blanca of Peru, both now thought to be just under 6000m, and given provisional height s of c.5980m now. For Tocllaraju there is strong digital elevation evidence. For Caraz the evidence is from photographic analysis by myself and Edward Earl and is admittedly less strong.
The biggest current issues with this list are over the height of some peaks in Peru, particularly in the Cordillera Blanca. I have generally used the PIGM heights here, as SRTM data is often void. However Artesonraju, Caraz and Contrahierbas may eventually prove to be over 6000m whilst Tocllaraju is almost certainly under. There is also some doubt about whether Pucajirca is over 6000m or not. I feel that due to glacial/snow melt many snow-covered peaks in the Blanca may now be 10-20m lower than they were last century. In particular the height of Huascaran Sur is really in need of a good modern survey. See the NOTES at the foot of the table for more details about specific peaks.
The criterion used to select this list is a prominence height (re-ascent from the lowest col) of at least 400m from any higher peak. This figure was chosen for several reasons. Without greatly affecting the overall number of peaks, any larger prominence requirement eliminates some of the most notable summits in the Andes such as Jirishanca and Illampu while any lesser prominence criterion includes minor summits such as both the N and E peaks of Coropuna and up to five more Pissis peaks. In addition many surveys are not detailed enough to allow a prominence of less than 400m to be used with confidence. This cut-off is also remarkably close to the 7% rule, that Eberhard Jurgalski and others have been promoting as a worldwide "standard" for measuring the independence of a peak. Whether you use the 7% rule or the 400m rule you end up with the same list of 6000m peaks in the Andes, notwithstanding other uncertainties!.
By this criterion there are currently exactly one hundred 6000m peaks in the Andes. Of the total of 100 peaks, 15 are in the Cordillera Blanca of Peru and 39 are in the Puna de Atacama area of Chile and Argentina.
The peaks are arranged below in groups of ten. The grades given are for the easiest ascent route. An asterisk by the date of first ascent denotes a peak known to have had a Pre-Colombian ascent, or on which significant ruins have been found high up. Dates in brackets indicate a disputed or uncertain first ascent.
For a list of the 35 additional 6000m peaks with between 200m and 400m prominence see our Subsidiary 6000m peaks page.
All heights are in metres
All peaks have a link to an information page or at least a photograph on this website but you may need to use your browsers back button to return to this page.
|1 to 10|
|2||Ojos del Salado||6893||F/PD||Puna||Argentina-Chile||1937|
|5||Tres Cruces Sur||6748||F||Puna||Argentina-Chile||1937|
|6||Huascaran Sur *||6746||PD/AD||Cord. Blanca||Peru||1932|
|7||Llullaillaco *||6739||F||Northern Puna||Argentina-Chile||1952*|
|10||Huascaran Norte||6655||PD/AD||Cord. Blanca||Peru||1932 (1908)|
|11 to 20|
|11||Tres Cruces Central||6629||F||Puna||Chile||1973|
|21 to 30|
|26||Cachi (Libertador)||6380||F||Northern Puna||Argentina||1950|
|31 to 40|
|31||Siula Grande||6344||D||Cord. Huayhuash||Peru||1936|
|32||Parinacota||6342||F||Cord. Occidental||Chile - Bolivia||1928|
|39||Santa Cruz||6241||TD||Cord. Blanca||Peru||1948|
|41 to 50|
|42||Chinchey *||6222||AD||Cord. Blanca||Peru||1939|
|46||Copa *||6188||PD/AD||Cord. Blanca||Peru||1932|
|47||Quemado (Palermo)||6184||F||Northern Puna||Argentina||1979|
|48||La Mesa||6180||F/PD||High Andes||Argentina||1934|
|50||El Toro||6168||F||High Andes||Argentina-Chile||1964*|
|51 to 60|
|52||Tortolas||6160||F||High Andes||Argentina - Chile||1924*|
|53||Hualcan *||6160||AD/D||Cord. Blanca||Peru||1939|
|55||Alto (San Juan)||6148||n/k||High Andes||Chile-Argentina||1944|
|57||San Pedro||6145||F||Cord. Occidental||Chile||1903|
|61 to 70|
|64||Callangate (Collpa Ananta)||6110||n/k||Cord. Vilcanota||Peru||1957|
|65||San Pablo||6110||F||Cord. Occidental||Chile||1910|
|68||Jatunriti (Chumpe)||6106||AD||Cord. Vilcanota||Peru||1955|
|71 to 80|
|74||Jatunhuma (Pico Tres)||6093||n/k||Cord. Vilcanota||Peru||1957|
|75||Huayna Potosi||6088||PD||Cord. Real||Bolivia||1919|
|78||El Plomo||6070||F||High Andes||Argentina-Chile||1910|
|79||Negro (Pabellon)||6070||n/k||High Andes||Argentina||1969|
|80||Baboso||6070||F||Puna||Argentina||2000 - by us!!|
|81 to 90|
|86||Acotango||6052||n/k||Cord. Occidental||Chile Bolivia||1965|
|88||Yayamari (Montura)||6049||PD/AD||Cord. Vilcanota||Peru||1957|
|90||Pucajirca *||6046||TD||Cord. Blanca||Peru||1961|
|91 to 99|
|91||Chaupi Orco||6044||PD||Apolobamba||Bolivia- Peru||1958|
|97||Volcan del Viento||6028||F||Puna||Argentina||1937|
|98||Hualca Hualca||6025||n/k||Cord. Occidental||Peru||before 1990|
This list Š 1999-2015 John Biggar.
Heights in red above have been revised due to the SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) data, ASTER data or other recent information sources such as my own hand-held GPS readings. Many thanks to Jonathan de Ferranti in 2004 and Eberhard Jurgalski and Maximo Kausch in 2013-2014 for help with the SRTM data.
6 - Huascaran
Sur - There has been much debate about the height of Huascaran Sur recently. It is really in
need of a good modern survey. The 1930's DAV survey gave 6768m, the 50's PIGM
gave 6746 and what little SRTM and ASTER data is available may indicate a height
of only 6720m-6730m.
7 - Llullaillaco - May be higher than Huascaran Sur, see above.
42 - Chinchey - Many maps, including the PIGM, show a height of 6309m, but analysis of several photos by Edward Earl suggest that it is quite a bit lower. The 6222m height appears on the original DAV survey from the 1930's.
46 and 53 - Copa vs. Hualcan - Some sources, including Eberhard Jurgalski believe that Hualcan is marginally higher than Copa, citing evidence from SRTM data. My own analysis of photos seems to indicate that Copa is marginally higher, but not by more than 10m. It is likely that Copa is slightly lower than the height quoted here.
90 - Pucajirca - The PIGM map is very vague, and does not give a spot height. The 6046m spot height is from the DAV map. Pucahirca may not be as high as 6000m. There is also some uncertainty about which of the three main peaks is actually highest.
Top of Page
For a list of the 35 additional 6000m peaks with between 200m and 400m prominence see our Subsidiary 6000m peaks page.
For peaks number 101 downwards see our 5000m peaks of the Andes
Peak heights marked in red above are from the latest SRTM data, ASTER data, handheld GPS data, and photo analysis and research by Maximo Kausch, Eberhard Jurgalski, Edward Earl, myself and others. These entries are mainly peaks whose height we have raised slightly due to there being an SRTM cell altitude higher than the previously quoted summit altitude, plus one or two peaks, known to be fairly flat-topped, where the SRTM data make a lower altitude much more probable.
The SRTM data appear to show that the peak of Cienaga in the Argentine Puna near Salta and the peak of Los Gemelos 6196m do not have sufficient prominence to count as independent 6000m peaks on the above list., and that Muertito may or may not be over 6000m and may or may not have over 400m prominence. For now the former two appear in our subsidiary 6000m peaks list and the latter appears in our list of major 5000m peaks.
The following peaks, all sometimes quoted higher than 6000m have been omitted from the list because most are given less than 6000m on the best IGM maps. Where possible the SRTM data has also been checked to verify that they are not over 6000m. Artesonraju 5999m, Pumasillo 5991m, Plata 5955m, Contrahierbas 5954m, Juncal 5953m (may be about c.6020m), Tocllaraju c.5980m, Caraz c.5980m, Ameghino c.5940m, Lasunayoc 5936m, Polacos c.5935m, Chaņi c.5930m, Nuevo Mundo 5929m, Galan 5912m, Pilar de los Pailas (Luracatao) 5946m and Acay 5770m. Sabancaya 5976m is now possibly higher than 6000m as it was erupting for many years in the 1990's!!
SOURCES FOR HEIGHTS USED ON THIS WEBSITE
In areas of South America the heights of some peaks are still subject to debate. Some Argentine peaks have AIGM survey heights that are 300m higher than the Chilean heights. The main areas for which no accurate survey maps exist are the Mercedario to Tupungato area of Argentina and the Patagonian ice-caps area. The heights given on this site are thought to be generally the most accurate figures taken from the following sources. Neate's book was sometimes used when no survey height was available. In some uncertain areas confirmation, or at least corroboration, of many heights has been sought from the SRTM data and/or from photographic analysis.
Venezuela and Colombia - Neate, confirmed where possible in Colombia by CIGM 1:100,000
Ecuador - IGM 1:50,000 newest sheet available.
Peru - IGM 1:100,000 sheets. The AV 1930's surveys of the Cordillera Blanca have been used where the PIGM sheets do not give a height (Note - the AV heights are mostly 20-30m higher than PIGM heights). Quite a few peaks have been checked (where possible) by photo-analysis. These are mainly mentioned in the notes and marked by a *
Bolivia - The AV maps for the Illimani and Ancohuma areas, otherwise BIGM 1:50,000 sheets or 1:250,000 sheets.
Argentina - mostly Argentine IGM 1:250,000 sheets. SRTM data was used to confirm or change many heights in poorly surveyed areas.
Chile and Chile/Bolivia and Chile/Argentina border peaks - Chilean IGM 1:50,000 or 1:250,000 sheets, which are generally much more modern than Argentine surveys in this area.
Patagonia - ChIGM 1:250,000 sheets where possible, Andes Patagonicos sheets for peaks on the icecaps, Fitzroy area and Cord. Darwin with some more important heights confirmed (where possible) by the SRTM data.
The ten peaks of any height in the Andes in order of prominence above any higher summit are listed here. Thanks to Jonathan de Ferranti and Eberhard Jurgalski and others for help with this list and many other height questions. See the Prominence website for more details. There is much debate about whether Pico Bolivar or Pico Colon is the highest point of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Bolivar has been chosen here.
|Name||Location||Height (m)||Prominence (m)|
|Pico Bolivar or Colon||Colombia||5710||5518|
|San Valentin||Chilean Patagonia||4058||3696|
|Ojos del Salado||Chile-Argentina||6893||3688|
|Volcan Lautaro||Chilean Patagonia||3580||3302|